Active Diamond Electrolytic Process Technology (ADEPT™)
Electrolytic Ozone, Inc. makes the Active Diamond Electrolytic Process Technology (ADEPT™) available to innovative consumer and industrial products companies in the water and surface disinfection markets. ADEPT uses electrolysis to dissociate water (H2O) into separate oxygen and hydrogen molecules and then recombines three parts of oxygen to produce ozone (O3), also called activated oxygen.
This process begins as water is pumped through the ADEPT cell from the water source. A low DC electric current is then applied across two electrodes immersed in the ADEPT cell to create the electrolysis. EOI’s ultra-compact ADEPT cells use a proprietary boron-doped diamond electrode. Boron-doped diamond has a higher efficiency in producing ozone than other electrodes and is safer and more reliable.
The electrolytic process creates very small bubbles of O3 gas at hundreds of nucleation sites simultaneously. These bubbles are flushed downstream by the continuous flow of water and easily absorbed even at low pressures.
The electrolysis reaction requires six electrons for each molecule of ozone (O3) to be produced. Thus, three molecules of water (H2O) are split at the anode. This causes six electrons to be removed through the electrical circuit. Six protons are also released and one molecule of O3 is produced. Meanwhile to maintain a balance of charge and to conserve mass, it is necessary that at the cathode six protons combine with six electrons to create three molecules of H2. A solid polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) is used to selectively conduct only the protons from anode to cathode. This permits the separation of the O3 from H2 which helps maintain a high concentration of ozone in the water.
The entire ozone generation process is conducted in-water, through the water, significantly reducing the amount of ozone off-gassing and enabling use of the technology in compact spaces, like water purifiers, spray bottles, and ice machines.